Quite often people are stunned to see the regular occurrence of definite dark patches on their skin. They become worrisome when they find that these patches are becoming permanent. Certainly, they have no knowledge about how they appear and what their nature is. So, here is all the information one should know about the reason behind the occurrence of dark patches and effective tips on how to avoid these.
Dark Patches On Skin Or Hyperpigmentation
Dark patches on skin are known by the term of hyperpigmentation. This phenomenon occurs because of the uncontrolled and excessive production of a substance in the body called melanin, which is responsible for giving colour to eyes and skin. So, when any kind of damage occurs to the cells that produce melanin, dark spots begin to appear all over the body.
Reason Behind Hyperpigmentation
Well, it is really difficult to pin point the exact cause of hyperpigmentation as there is no consensus on what actually causes this skin problem. Various causes of hyperpigmentation include hormonal imbalance, lifestyle factors like excessive drinking, smoking, lack of exercise, stress, incorrect skincare products, certain medications, and nutritional deficiency, to name but a few. So, although the number of factors may vary, still a number of steps could be taken to ensure that this problem doesn’t arise.
Preventing The Occurrence Of Hyperpigmentation
While people may find themselves incapable of fighting the internal factors like genetics, one can do their bit in preventing the occurrence of this problem because of external factors. So, here is a list of some of the precautions that one could take to prevent the occurrence of this disease.
The first and foremost step, which is the most fundamental step as well, is to ensure that one never ever goes out without applying the sunscreen. One shouldn’t just look for the sign of SPF as this prevents the skin from UVB alone, so a sunscreen with ‘broad spectrum’ should be selected so that it is able to protect the skin from harmful UVA radiations of the sun as well. The sun is the major cause of a number of skin problems, and wearing sunscreen could certainly prevent the occurrence of these diseases.
Exercising Precaution While Using Skin Lightening Products
People’s obsession to look brighter can prove detrimental sometimes as they go on a frenzy to apply even those products that exaggerate the things but are actually not at all effective. So, one must go for the ingredients of the products rather than by advertising, and choose those products that are comedogenic. Moreover, excessive use of such products should be avoided at any cost.
Go For Clinically Administered And Proven Treatments
Last but not the least, one must chose such treatments that are clinically administered and have a proven success rate. Some of these procedures include chemical peel, in which the skin is deliberately burnt by making use of some chemical solution. This is done to slough off the outer layer of the skin. Then, there are other clinical procedures which have the proven track record including microdermabrasion, laser treatments, laser resurfacing, cryotherapy, to name but a few.